We Are Bereans

Then the brethren immediately sent Paul and Silas away by night to Berea. When they arrived, they went into the synagogue of the Jews. These were more fair-minded than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness, and searched the Scriptures daily to find out whether these things were so.
Acts 17:10-11

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Ruminations

Rumination #40: Why is repair better than never building? Why is repentance so necessary?

There are some questions that we will never be able answer. Some are so far beyond our comprehension, we only suspect there is question there, waiting to be asked… and yet we cannot articulate it. Repentance is one of those subjects that appears straightforward, and yet it raises questions that beget questions unspoken and incomprehensible - the answer being even further beyond our grasp.

Both traditional Christianity and Chassidic Judaism have attempted to ask, and even suppose some answers to the questions of sin and repentance. Christianity has posited opposing theories of Predestination and Free Will. Chassidic Judaism has given us the concept of Tikkun Olam [repair the world], and provided not only the questions regarding the origin and purpose of sin, but some supposed answers as well. But all of these are only man's feeble attempts to explain away nagging questions about our questions - that there is something inexplicably beyond our questions. No doubt the answers are even more remote.

However, we only really know what we have been told.

Try as we might to plumb the depths of philosophy, in the end, what we are really left with is what Scripture clearly tells us. And it tells us quite plainly that sin is rebellion against the commandments of HaShem. It tells us that He hates sin. It tells us that the correct response to Him is always simple obedience.

Call it "tikkun olam" or "teshuvah." Call it "repentance" or "surrender" - in the end, it is the only action that we are truly free to take in response to our undeniable rebellion against the instructions of the Almighty. When we begin to ask such things as, "What instructions? What commandments?" of course, we are denying the necessity of repentance. When we begin to make excuses such as, "G-d does not really expect me to do/say/not do [fill in the blank], does He?" we are only delaying the absolutely necessity of simple obedience. When we argue that something does or does not apply to us because we are "Jewish" or because we are "Gentile" we are still denying the single acceptable response to the Almighty:

Repent!

It was the message in Genesis 3. It was the message in Genesis 6. It was the message at Sinai. It was the message of the Prophets. It was the message of the Apostles. It is the message of Messiah. It is the Good News message. It is simply:

Repent!

HaShem has spoken. He has defined His holy standard, and it is the Torah. Disobedience is sin. Man's only response to that should be:

Repent!

Anything else remains pure and simple rebellion. Let others argue about whether some commandments "apply to this dispensation;" or whether "we are under the jurisdiction of the 'New Covenant';" or whether a commandment "applies to Gentiles" or not; or that "G-d cannot require repentance for salvation or that denies grace." In the end, all of those machinations and lies are the same tactic Enemy has used since the Garden, designed to get us to question the things we really do know. If HaShem commands us, as His children, He expects us to obey Him. And to disobey Him is sin. Period.

If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. If we say that we have not sinned, we make Him a liar, and His word is not in us. My little children, these things I write to you, so that you may not keep on sinning. And if anyone sins, we have an Advocate with the Father, Messiah Yeshua ha-Tzadik [the Righteous]. And He Himself is the propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only but also for the whole world. Now by this we know that we know Him, if we keep His commandments. He who says, "I know Him," and does not keep His commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him. But whoever keeps His word, truly the love of G-d is perfected in him. By this we know that we are in Him.
1John 1:8-2:5

And everyone who has this hope in Him purifies himself, just as He is pure. Whoever keeps on committing sin also commits Torah-lessness, and sin is Torah-lessness. And you know that He was manifested to take away our sins, and in Him there is no sin. Whoever abides in Him does not keep on sinning. Whoever keeps on sinning has neither seen Him nor known Him. Little children, let no one deceive you. He who keeps on practicing righteousness is righteous, just as He is righteous.
1John 3:3-7

You see, the questions that are unspoken may be deep. But the issue really is simple: When we disobey the words of the Living G-d, that is called "sin." When we obey, that is called "righteousness." When we recognize our disobedience, and obey, that is called "repentance."

What are we waiting for...?

Remember the Torah of Moses, My servant, which I commanded him in Horeb for all Israel, with the statutes and judgments. Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of HaShem. And he will turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the hearts of the children to their fathers, lest I come and strike the earth with a curse.
Malachi 4:4-6

We Are Messianic Disciples

And Yeshua came and said to them, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, immersing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.”
Matthew 28:18-20

Matthew 28:18-20 tells us what a faithful disciple of Messiah Yeshua is: someone who makes more disciples of Messiah. Someone who teaches others to do all that Messiah commanded, immersing them into Messiah Yeshua, as His disciples. We recognize that as faithful Jews, Yeshua and His first disciples were blameless in obedience to all of Scripture – even that which later variations of Christianity rejected as the “Old Testament.”

With regard to historical Christianity’s practical abandonment of three fourths of the Bible, we “Messianics” might immediately say that we are not therefore disciples of Baptists, Presbyterians, Lutherans, Catholics, or any other Christian sect.

However, there is another concern with whom some “Messianics” align themselves. We are not disciples of Reform, Conservative, Orthodox, Chasidic, Talmudic, or Mishnaic Judaism either.

We are disciples of Yeshua.

We recognize from Matthew 16:19 that Messiah’s first disciples are our Sages. We are not disciples of Hillel, Shammai, Akiva, Meir, Judah the Prince, RASHI, RAMBAN, RAMBAM, the Ba’al Shem Tov, Nachman of Breslov, or Schneur Zalman of Liadi.

We are not Baptists, Catholics, or Lutherans. Nor are we Breslovers, or Lubavitchers.

We are disciples of Yeshua.

While we may admire and even study men and women from various backgrounds, and attempt to emulate them, we are not their disciples.

Read more....

 

The First Slip

Over the years some have complained that I am too “rabbinic” in my teaching. Perhaps some of that is because I have often cited Jewish teachers – many of them, from Hillel to Heschel.

The sages of Israel add deep understanding and context to the Bible - especially the Apostolic Scriptures [New Testament]. The writings of the sages provide an insider’s look into the language and culture of the first disciples of Yeshua. While the Oral Torah contained in the Mishnah, Talmud, Tosefta, and Midrashim do not control me, they most certainly inform me. Even later works such as the Zohar, and commentaries from Rashi and Ramban add better understanding to not only the words of the Apostles, but even the Master, Yeshua Himself.

However, to doubt or to ignore the Apostolic Scriptures is the first slip on a slippery slope.

It is actually quite predictable. Read more....

When Fences Become Walls

And HASHEM said to Moses, “Go down and warn the people, lest they break through to HASHEM to look and many of them perish. Also let the priests who come near to HASHEM consecrate themselves, lest HASHEM break out against them.” And Moses said to HASHEM, “The people cannot come up to Mount Sinai, for you yourself warned us, saying, ‘Set limits around the mountain and consecrate it.”
Exodus 19:21-23

As for the one who is weak in faith, welcome him, but not to quarrel over opinions. One person believes he may eat anything, while the weak person eats only vegetables. Let not the one who eats despise the one who abstains, and let not the one who abstains pass judgment on the one who eats, for G-d has welcomed him. Who are you to pass judgment on the servant of another? It is before his own master that he stands or falls. And he will be upheld, for the L-rd is able to make him stand.
Romans 14:1-4

“Children want boundaries.” You have heard that, or perhaps you have said it yourself. It is true of course. Human beings seem to almost crave limits to our behavior. No doubt this part of our G-d-given conscience – our sense of “right and wrong.”

Let’s be honest though, our conscience is not the same thing as right and wrong – it simply is our sense of what we think is right and wrong. Sadly, some people seem to have no conscience at all, and it is equally sad when some think everything is wrong.

When Conscience Becomes a Choice

In order for our conscience to be a positive tool in our relationship with HaShem, we need to be careful what choices we make in establishing new (or new to us) “fences” (boundaries put up to protect particular commandments) and how we maintain a distinction between those fences and the written commandments of HaShem. Once a standard is a part of our conscience, it is difficult to undo that without damaging our conscience.

It is common in newly observant communities for individuals to grab hold of standards that are new to them. This can be very good. The danger is when individuals make these fences matters of conscience. This is a matter of choice if the fences are not clearly distinguished from the actual commandments of HaShem. “So, if the standard is upheld, and the individual conscience is not offended, what is the downside?” you might ask. The dangers are:

  • An ever-increasing more-observant-than-thou attitude
  • Adding to your personal “I will be offended if…” list
  • Your children as they grow older may have difficulty distinguishing between HaShem’s commandments and your newly established fence
  • By choice, becoming the “weaker brother”

Safely Embracing Fences

In the case of neighbors with literal fences along a property line, it is easy to understand that one neighbor cannot move the fence without affecting the other. This is also the case of “fences around the Torah.” To best understand how to safely embrace fences, we must remind ourselves what fences are and how they might affect others. A fence is a standard that is beyond of the literal words of HaShem. Notice, that man did not initiate the fence around Mount Sinai in Exodus 19 to keep the people safe. HaShem commanded that it be built. So the Exodus 19 model does not apply to “fences around the Torah” – that is, unless you are also willing to disregard the very sober words in Deuteronomy 4:2:

You shall not add to the word that I command you, nor take from it, that you may keep the commandments of HaShem your G-d that I command you.
Deuteronomy 4:2

Yeshua alludes to this in His admonition:

And why do you break the commandment of G-d for the sake of your tradition?
Matthew 15:3b

I am very encouraging to people who want to embrace Jewish tradition, making the lifestyle of Judaism, their own. I offer this personal caution however: as you adopt traditional halacha and make it your own, do not make the traditional halacha a matter of conscience. That is truly your choice. Distinguish between the literal commandment, and the traditional “how to” in walking out that commandment. Here are my personal recommendations:

  • Context. Do your best to mirror the community in which you find yourself. If your community does not adhere to your newfound fence, be careful to not promote it as a community standard. Do not broadcast your fence. It is personal, or for your family only. On the other hand, be careful to reflect the community in which you are currently a part. Do not offend your brothers and sisters by what you permit or by what you forbid.
  • If you have children, as they get older, make it clear that your “family rules” are not “more right” than any other families' rules.
  • Be gracious. Recognize that everyone errs in some way. Make sure you do not begin to look down on those who do not share the same fences that you do.
  • Remember Romans 14:4:

Who are you to pass judgment on the servant of another? It is before his own master that he stands or falls. And he will be upheld, for the L-rd is able to make him (and you) stand.
Romans 14:1-4

Don’t let your fences become walls. Walls that keep out the blessing of a healthy relationship with HaShem, or walls that make your circle of brothers and sisters ever more small.

Moadim Apps for iPhone, iPad, and Mac

  • I have free apps in the iTunes App Store and the Mac App Store: Moadim for iPhone, for iPad, and for Mac
  • All Scripture passages are displayed in English, in a modified version of the World English Bible (public domain). Compete text of the Torah is included, broken down by weekly parasha. Parashiot follow Ashkenazi Diaspora rules.
  • All Holy days, Sabbaths, New Moons, and fast days are identified, along with the traditional Scripture passages
  • Moadim HD for iPad and Moadim for Mac have full calendar view
  • Includes prayer times (including candle lighting and havdalah) for any date from your location (or lat/long)
  • Direct access to Bereans Online Torah commentary

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The Mideast Update News Site

In 2007, my eldest son moved to Jerusalem working as a journalist and writer. Since then he has done interviews with government officials, academics, and "the man on the street." Joshua maintains a news web site that draws from his contacts in the middle east: the Israeli government, middle eastern universities, and public relations outlets. His reporting, analysis, and insights are unique in reporting on Israel and the middle east.

Check it out: www.themideastupdate.com

Daily Aliyah App for iPhone/iPad

My friend Brock Wright has written an iPhone/iPad app called "Daily Aliyah" that displays the Torah and haftarah portion for the current week, as well as the daily aliyah for the day of the week. Get it for free in the iTunes App Store.

Wise Messages App for iPhone

  • This little app will use your iPhone's notifications to remind you of Scripture, wise sayings, and quotes at set intervals or random times
  • Chose from different sources such as Proverbs, Pirkei Avot, Letter for the Ages, etc.
  • Import your own list of encouraging reminders to display
  • Customizable

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